Cyprus General Info
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, located 40 miles south of Turkey. Smaller than Sicily or Sardinia and larger than Corsica or Crete. Cyprus has a fascinating history and is of enormous strategic importance – marking the meeting point of three continents: Europe, the Middle East and Africa. It has a total area of 1357 square miles – roughly the size of Wales
Cyprus, a former British Colony until 1960, has been divided into two separate states since 1974 – the North is called the TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) and The Republic of Cyprus (Greek Cypriots) is in the South of the island. This division was overseen by the UN following 11 years of unrest following the departure of the British. For further information on this division, see below (History). A boundary known as the “Green Line” runs through Nicosia (Lefkoşa), the capital of both South and North Cyprus, separating the two states. At present there are nine border crossings, offering 24 hour unrestricted access for EU citizens to pass through from North to South.
Cyprus has excellent flight connections, and firstclass airports, the island is perfectly placed for working and travelling within and beyond the European Union. It has a rich heritage and diverse culture, beautiful beaches with the cleanest bathing water in Europe, fresh air, a wonderful Mediterraen climate and cosmopolitans cities with an ambundance of amenities.
The Island offer a low cost but high standard of living, and is very popular year round destination for Europeans seeking a coastal or golf holliday.
The varied regions of Northern Cyprus
Kyrenia is a municipality and Town in the district of Kyrenia in the north Coast of Cyprus. In local language it is called Girne. The place is known for its historic harbor and fortress. This is the most visits city in northern Cyprus. Here is the lively people, lots of restaurants, shopping and Casinos.
This area is flatter and more agricultural with its famous citrus groves in the West and the foothills of the Troodos Mountains rising up behind it. Access to the South and skiing are easy from here. The area is a very unspoiltregion, rich with ancient archaeological sites (including the ruins of Soli and Vouni Palace) and local culture
The totally unspoiltKarpaz region (known as the “panhandle” due to its handle shape) – a spectacular finger-shapedpeninsula in the East, has Iskele as its main town. Here visitors can take day trips to the island’s best beaches – miles of unspoiltsand dunes. Wild donkeys, herds of goats and other wildlife abounds.
The “outdoor museum” of Famagusta (Gazimağusa) castle and its associated historical sites on the eastern coastline has been listed as an important heritage site by the World Monument Fund. It is surrounded by sandy beaches.
is a fascinating city to explore and the only remaining divided city in the world – with the border crossing providing unrestricted crossings for all EU citizens.
The varied regions of Southern Cyprus
Located in the Ammochostos (Famagusta) district, the once-sleepy fishing village of Agia Napa is famous for its stunning coasts, as well as for its ranking as a top nightlife destination, known worldwide.
Home to some of the best beaches on the island, its strips vary from bustling to secluded, whilst the area also encompasses the Natural Forest Park of Cape Gkreko, which is especially beautiful with its coves, caves, rare flora and fauna and breathtaking views.
The heart of the village is its square where the Medieval monastery stands and is a tranquil landmark during the day, whilst in the evening the area is vibrant and energised when the bars and clubs come to life. The square is also the scene for many cultural events, including the Medieval Festival in October, the Children’s Festival & Agia Napa Kids Summer Festival, the International Festival in September and the important religious festival of the Feast of Panagia Virgin Mary on September 08.
Limassol is the second largest city of Cyprus with a population of approximately 180,000. It is one of six districts and covers an area of 34.87 square kilometers. Located on the southern coast, Limassol stretches around westward to the Paphos district, bordering with the district of Larnaca on the east and with Nicosia on the north.In addition to the recognized popularity as a tourism destination, Limassol is also an administrative and business centre, a port, a resort, the centre of the wine industry and home to many archeological sites.
Larnaca is a port city located on the southern coast of Cyprus. It is the third largest town after Nicosia and Limassol and home to the second largest commercial port.
The city which is built on the ruins of ancient Citium is endowed with numerous attractions such as Larnaca Castle, the Church of Saint Lazarus, Hala Sultan Tekke etc. Larnaca’s waterfronts, scenic vistas, parks and beautiful beaches with leisure and sporting facilities enhance its beautiful coastline.
The city’s International Airport is located on the fringe of the city with easy access to and from the city centre.
Paphos, the capital of western Cyprus, has some serious historical clout. Site of the vast fourth-century BC Tombs of the Kings, set high on a cliff above the sparkling sea, as well as a dramatic Byzantine castle and fine mosaics, it’s also known as the birthplace of the goddess Aphrodite. The population of 27,000 is swelled by a summer influx of beach-bound English, German and Scandinavian visitors. A beautiful old harbor awaits, while modern hotels and restaurants stretch along the promenade
The geography of Cyprus is characterized by a unique blend of beaches, plains, andmountains. The long northern coastline is backed by The Beşparmak (Five Finger) mountain range, which provides a stunning backdrop with its wooded slopes and magnificent jagged limestone peaks, the highest of which is Mount Selvili at 3357 ft. The lower hills and lowlands are alive with lush greenery, rare species of birds and butterflies, and a natural diversity of flowers (including native orchids) which areunmatched in the Mediterranean, with an estimated 19 endemic plant species. Sandy beaches and rocky coves await discovery along the shoreline.
To the east of the island, the Five Finger mountain range loses height as it extends along the narrow peninsula known as Karpaz or “Panhandle”, aspectacular finger-shaped region of rolling hills and unspoiledsandy bays which points to Syria. To the south of the Five Finger range lie the plains of Mesaoria and the capital city Nicosia (Lefkoşa).
- One of the safest countrys in the world with very low crime rate.
- Very friendly people
- Very low living costs
- Beautiful beaches
- Cleanest bathing waters in Europe.
- Exellent year-round climate.
- Still cheap property prices.
- Pristine coastlines, stunning mountain ranges and the Mediterranean’s cleanest water.
- Ideal island for nature lovers – Cyprus is known for spring wild orchids and unique birds.
- Clean air and the environment.
- Very rich history, a combination of European and Middle Eastern history.
- Favorable tax environment, no inheritance tax.
- Amazingly good 18-hole golf course, all over Cyprus, and ski in the Troodos Mountains in the winter.
- In Cyprus there are all different kinds of land and water activities.
- From Turkey, there is now a freshwaterand electricity pipeline to Northern Cyprus. This increase in infrastructure capacity has been increasing developments and demand for housing and opens up for further investments
- Northen Cyprus is a country that is still undeveloped and not yet fully discovered.
- English widely spoken.
- Cyprus allow dual citizenship.
- Excellent health care system.
- Efficent and transparent British based legal system.
- Southern Cyprus have been EU member since 2004
- Discoveries of oil and gas provide good prospects.